Australians generally enjoy good health. However, good health is not shared equally. There are significant differences in the health of different populations of Australians, including differences in rates of death and disease, life expectancy, self perceived health, health behaviours, health risk factors and health service utilisation (Public Health Association of Australia, 2008). These 'health inequities' are associated with differences in education, occupation, income, employment status, rurality, ethnicity, Aboriginality and gender.
Health equity in Australia with a focus on culturally diverse populations - a summary article provides a summary of Australian health data, and where available, Queensland health data.